REVISED: 11/9/08

Grumman, Grumman-American

1929: (Leroy Randle) Grumman Aircraft Engr Corp, Baldwin NY; 1931: Curtiss Airport, Valley Stream NY; 1932: Farmingdale (old Fairchild plant) and (1936) Bethpage NY. 1972: Acquired American Aviation Co as Grumman-American Div. 1969: Grumman Aerospace Corp. 1978: Sale of Grumman-American to Gulfstream American Corp (American Jet Industries). 1994: Acquired ny Northrop Corp as Northrop-Grumman, Los Angeles CA. SEE ALSO American Aviation, Gulfstream, Northrop-Grumman.

  About the company

  Grumman A-6A Flock of four, with the under-nose FLIR pods retracted

A2F, A-6 Intruder, Prowler - USN/USMC all-weather attack plane. 2pCmwM rg (Intruder), 4pCmwM rg (Prowler); two 9300# P&W J52-P turbojets; span: 53'0" length: 54'7" load: 34,942# v: 621/480/x range: 2800 ceiling: 41,660'; ff: 4/19/60. Won military contract in competition with 10 other entries. Redesignated as A-6 in 1962.

Intruder crew was one pilot and one bombardier-navigator (BN). Prowler crew was one pilot & three electronic countermeasures officers (ECMO). The BNs and ECMOs were naval Flight Officers: "Two-Anchor Weenies." (— Jim Bohannan 10/11/99)
  Grumman A2F-1 Unpainted prototype (Grumman)

A2F-1, A-6A 1960 = Production model with J52-P6. POP: 482. Became A-6A.
A2F-1B, EA-6A 196? = Redesignated as 4p EA-6A Prowler; J52-P8A; length: 55'3" v: 517/407/x range: 1254 ceiling: 36,200'. Large antenna on fin, added electronics internally and in underwing pylons.

  Grumman A2F-1H [9493] (Roger Seybel coll via Andrew Seybel)

A2F-1H 1963 = length: 55'3" range: 2400 ceiling: 38,960'; ff (as A2F-1H): 3/31/63. POP: 21 production, plus 12 conversions as A-6A.

A-6B 1967 = ARM (Anti-Radiation Missile) detection equipment. Conversion of A-6A for suppression of SAMs. POP: 19 modifications.
  Grumman EA-6B [162225] (Grumman)

EA-6B Prowler 1969 = 11200# J52-P408; length: 59'1" v: 541/418/x range: 955 ceiling: 38,000'. POP: 162.
A-6C 1968 = Night ground-attack conversion of A-6A with TRIM electronic sensing gear. POP: 12 modifications.

  Grumman KA-6D [151819] (Roger Seybel coll via Andrew Seybel)

KA-6D 1970 = Aerial tanker conversion of A-6A with 2,977-gal capacity. POP: 90 modifications.

  Grumman A-6E (USN)

A-6E 1970 = Multi-task radar attack-bomber; load: 33,944# v: 622/481/x range: 3200 ceiling: 41,660'; ff: 2/27/70. POP: 205.

A-6F Intruder II 1966 = Interdiction and close-air-support A-6 with two 10800# GE F404. Lighter composite wings made by Boeing Co. POP: 5, never delivered, used only for engine and systems testing until 1990.


A-9 Goose 1948 = Redesignated sa OA-9.
A-10 - Contract production of Fairchild-Republic A-10 (qv).
A-12 Duck 1948 = OA-12 redesignated, this was a USN J2F-6 test-bed. POP: 3.
A-16 Albatross 19?? = G-64 SAR plane as SA-16.
A2F Intruder SEE A-6.
  Grumman AA-1 Prototype [N5601L] (www.grumman.net)

AA-1 Yankee (TC A11EA) - Tricycle-gear civil sport and trainer, continuance of American Aviation line. Conventional gear modifications were approved by Special TCs. Became Gulfstream American and American General.
AA-1A (American Aviation) 1971 = Trainer. 2pClwM; 108hp Lycoming O-235-C2C; span: 24'5" length: 19'3" load: 560# v: 144/135/65 range: 512 ceiling: 11,200'. POP: 470.

  Grumman AA-1B Taildragger mod (www.grumman.net)

AA-1B (Grumman-American) 1973 = AA-1A redesigned; length: 19'2". POP: 551.

  Grumman AA-1C [N5601L] (www.grumman.net)

AA-1C Lynx, T-Cat (Gulfstream-American) 1977 = POP: 211. Later renamed T-Cat and Deluxe Lynx. Flight school version was Tr-2 (qv).


  Grumman AA-5 [N5823L] (Eddie Coates coll)

AA-5 Traveler (Grumman-American) 1972 (TC A16EA) = 4pClwM; 150hp Lycoming O-320-E2G; span: 31'6" length: 21'6" load: 1025# v: 151/141/59 range: 625 ceiling: 13,500'. Enlarged tail and baggage compartment. Prototype engineered and flown in only seven weeks [N342AA]. $13,595; POP: 834.
  Grumman AA-5A [N716MC] (www.grumman.net)

AA-5A Cheetah (Gulfstream-American) 1976 = Deluxe version. POP: 900.

  Grumman AA-5B (www.grumman.net)

AA-5B Tiger (American General) 1975 = Lycoming O-360-A4K. POP: 1,323.


AF Guardian - Redesignation from TB3F. Operated in two-plane hunter-killer teams with AF-2W acting as target detector and AF-2S as attack aircraft. Two vertical "finlets" were added to the stabilizer to compansate for radar equipment.
  Grumman AF-2S (USN)

AF-2S 1949 (TC AR-36) = Anti-sub attack with wing radar pod. 3pCmwM rg; 2400hp P&W R-2800-48; span: length: 60'8" 43'2" load: 5640# v: 317/x/83 range: 1500 ceiling: 22,800' (?>32,500'); ff: 11/17 (?>12/14)/49. POP: 193 [123088/123116, 124188/124210, 124778/124848] even numbers only, and [126720/126737, 126756/126821, 129196/129242]. Civil conversions by Aero Union Corp under TC AR-36.

  Grumman AF-2W (USN)

AF-2W 1949 = Anti-sub search with belly radome. 4pCmwM rg; length: 43'1". POP: 153 [123089/123117, 124187/124209, 124779/124849] odd numbers only, and [126738/126755, 126822/126835, 129258/129299, 130389/130404], the final batch of which was redesignated as AF-3W.

AF-3S 1952 = Added electronics. POP: 40 [129243/129257, 130364/130388].

AF-3W 19?? = POP: 25 [130389/130404], originally designated as -2W.


AG-5B Tiger (American General) 1990 = Continuance of AA-5B, nearly identical in appearance. POP: 181.
  Grumman AgCat [N948X]

AgCat (Grumman-American) 19?? = 1pOB.
AO-1, OF-1, OV-1 Mohawk (Model G-134) - USAF and Army STOL photo-recon and tactical surveillance. 2pCmwM rg; two 950hp Lycoming T53-L3 propjets; span: 42'0" length: 41'10". Side-by-side cockpit, triple tails From model G-134. The first Army production aircraft to have turbine engines and ejection seats. All were redesignated as OV in mid-1962. One AO-1A and two -1Bs transferred to USN.
YAO-1AF, OF-1 1959 = First contracted as OF-1 by USMC, but that designation was cancelled; ff: 4/14/59. POP: 9 for service testing by the Army at a cost of $22,000,000. Landed in 300', took-off in 900' with full load.

AO-1A, OV-1A 1959 = Initial production. Night infra-red photography equipment, rear windows deleted; 1005hp T-53-L15; load: 2700# v: 317/230/x range: 1680 ceiling: 35,000'. POP: 64 [59-2603/2620, 60-3720/3744, 63-13114/13134], of which 1 to USN [63-13119]. Became OV-1A.

AO-1AF 1959 = Rotating camera in fuselage; pods with flares for night photos. POP: 36, redesignated as OV-1A.
  Grumman OV-1B (Grumman)

AO-1B, OV-1B 1960 = Side-looking radar-photo (SLAR) equipment; span: 48'8" length: 43'0". POP: 101 [59-2621/2637, 62-5859/5906, 64-14238/14273], of which 2 to USN [62-5866, -5896]. Became OV-1B, with some converted to OV-1D.
AO-1BF 1960 = SLAR as previous. POP: 77, redesignated as OV-1B.

JOV-1B 19?? = Umknown conversion. POP: 1 [62-5903].

AO-1C, OV-1C 1960 (TC TT00006AT) = UAS-4 infra-red mapping equipment; length: 41'1". POP: 169 [60-3745/3761, 61-2675/2728, 62-5849/5858, 66-18881/18896, 68-15930/15965, -16990/16996, 69-16997/17026]. Became OV-1C, with most converted to OV-1D Civil conversions under TC TT00006AT.
AO-1CF 1961 = Infra-red mapping as previous. POP: 24, redesignated as OV-1C.
  Grumman OV-1D Conversion from OV-1C, SLAR pod underneath [68-15938] (Grumman)

OV-1D 1968 = 1400hp T-53-L701; span: 48'0" length: 41'1" load: 6394# ceiling: 30,000+'; ff: 10/1/68.
GOV-1D 19?? = Unknown conversion. POP: 2 [68-15939, -15958].

JOV-1D 19?? = Unknown conversion. POP: 4 [68-16992, 69-17000, -17010, -17019].


  Grumman C-1 (USN)
  Grumman TF-1 [136792] (Roger Seybel coll via Andrew Seybel)

C-1, EC-1, TF-1 Trader 1955 (TC TT00001AK) = 3-9pChwM; two 1525hp Wright R-1820; span: 69'8" length: 42'0" v: 288/211/x range: 1950 ceiling: 24,800'; ff: 1/19/55. Initially planned as TF-1 trainer, this design was a modification of S2F-1 for carrier-to-shore cargo and utility duties, and eventually evolved into WF/W2F. POP: 87 as C-1A, of which a few modified for electronic countermeasure duty as EC-1A (TF-1Q). Civil conversions approved under TC TT00001AK. First USN all-female aircrew to conduct an operational mission, ending in a carrier landing on USS Ranger, was in a C-1 from VRC-30, 3/21/83 (SEE Chronology).
  Grumman C-2 (USN)

C-2 Greyhound 1964 = Ship-to-shore utility, ambulance, and troop transport similar to W2F-1; aft ramp for loading. 20-40pChwM rg; two 4900hp Allison T-56-A-425 turboprops; span: 80'7" length: 56'8" (?>57'7") load: 21,180# v: 395 range: 1495 ceiling: 30,000'. POP: 17 as C-2A, plus 2 converted from W2F. Overhauled and upgraded in 1973 to extend their service life. For a second contract, in 1985, 39 planes were "reprocured" and modernized.
C-103 1942 = Civil G-32 Gulfhawk III and G-32A impressed by USAAF as utility C-103s (later, briefly, UC-103) [NC1051=42-97044, NC1326=42-97045].
E-1 SEE WF.
E-2 SEE WF2.
EC-1 SEE C-1.
  F-14 "Fly-by" (Dale Snodgrass coll)

Grumman F-14 (Roger Seybel coll via Andrew Seybel)

F-14 Tomcat (Model G-303) - Variable-wing fighter; 2pCmwM rg; two P&W TF30-P; span: 64'2" (swept: 38'3") length: 61'11" load: 18,824# v: 1545/575/x range: 2400 ceiling: 59,000+'. Impressive ordnance capabilities: M-61 nose cannon for close combat, short- and medium-range Sidewinder and Sparrowhawk missiles, long-range Phoenix missiles.
XF-14 1970 = ff: 12/21/70 (p: William Miller, Robert Smyth). POP: 3 prototypes [157980/157982], the first of which crashed on its second flight after loss of hydraulics (Miller and Smyth ejected safely).

  Grumman F-14 Variable-wing experiments (NASA Dryden)

F-14A 1970 = ff: 12/21/70. POP: 557 [157983/157991, 158620/158637, 158978/159025, 159421/159468, 159588/159637, 159825/159874, 160379/160414, 160652/160696, 160887/160930, 161133/161168, 161270/161299, 161416/161445, 161597/161626, 161850/161873, 162588/162611, 162688/162711], plus 80 exports to Iran in 1975 [160299/160378].

F-14A+ 1986 = F-14A modified as -14D; two GE F110; v: 1500+. POP: 27 conversions [157986, 161287, 161416/161419, 161421/161422, 161424/161430, 161432/161435, 161437/161438, 161440/161442, 161444, 161873].
  Grumman F-14B [157986] (Roger Seybel coll via Andrew Seybel)

F-14B Super Tomcat 1973 = POP: 34 [162910/162927, 163215/163225, 163407/163411].

There exists but one true F-14B, the Super Tomcat used as a test-bed for the YP401-P-400s, ff: 9/12 /73. Canceled by the end of the war, [157986] sat in storage for 7 years. Repowered with GE-F101s in 1981, the sole F-14B paved the way for development of the A+ and dash D. It is confusing, but for some reason A+ was redesignated as dash B. The last I knew, [157986] is still retained by Northrop-Grumman. (— Andrew Seybel 8/4/04)

F-14C - Project cancelled.

  Grumman F-14D (USAF)

F-14D, -14DR 1990 = Digital upgrade of F-14A with two 23100# GE F110, APG-71 radar, new defensive electronics; length: 62'8" load: 32,569# v: 1564 range: 2000+ ceiling: 56,000'. POP: 127 [163412/163418, 163893/163904, 164340/164357, 164599/164604, et al], plus 5 conversions from F-14A [161133, 161154, 161158/161159, 161166].


  Grumman F-111 [151970] (Roger Seybel coll via Andrew Seybel)

F-111= 1-2pChwM variable-wing fighter-bomber, contract manufacture of USAF General Dynamics F-111 (TFX) (qv); similar specs. Elements of the design and engineering went into F-14.
F2F (Model G-8) - USN barrel-bodied fighter-bomber; all-metal construction. 1pCB rg; evolved from FF-1. Remained in service until 1940.
  Grumman XF2F-1 [9342] (Clark Scott coll)

XF2F-1 1933 = 650hp P&W R-1535-72 Twin Wasp; span: (upper) 28'0" (lower) 26'0" v: 229/x/64 range: 310 ceiling: 29,800'; ff: 10/9 (?>18)/33. POP: 1 prototype [9342].

  Grumman F2F-1 Formation trio

F2F-1 1935 = Follow-on production model; span: (upper) 28'6" (lower) 26'0" load: 1173# v: 233/140/66 range: 750 ceiling: 27,500'; ff: 1/28/35. POP: 55 [9623/9676, 9997].


F3F (Model G-11) - Major design of F2F with 700hp P&W R-1535-84 Twin Wasp; span: 32'0" length: 23'3".
  Grumman XF3F-1 [9727] (USN Museum)

XF3F-1 1935 = v: 226/x/65 range: 515 ceiling: 29,500'; ff: 3/20/35. POP: 3; 2 crashed in test flights and the third one, rebuilt from the second crash, finally delivered to USN in June 1935 [9727].

  Grumman F3F-1 Duo (USN Museum)

F3F-1 1936 = Production model; length: 23'7" load: 1226# v: 231/x/66 range: 885 ceiling: 29,500'. POP: 54 [0211/0264].

  Grumman XF3F-2 Unserialed prototype (Grumman)

XF3F-2 (Model G-19) 1936 = Larger rudder, two-stage 850hp Wright XR-1820-22 Cyclone G; span: (upper) 32'0" (lower) 29'6" load: 1222# range: 950 ceiling: 32,600'. POP: 1 [0452].

  Grumman F3F-2 USMC trio (USN)

F3F-2 1937 = Second production, with 950hp R-1820-22; ff: 7/27/37 (p: Lee Gehlbach). POP: 81 [0967/1047]. Offered also as export model, but no buyers came forth.

  Grumman XF3F-3 [1031] (Grumman)

XF3F-3 1938 = Curved windshield, new cowling; length: 23'2". POP: 1 converted from F3F-2 [1031].

  Grumman F3F-3 (USN)

F3F-3 1938 = Final production. POP: 27 [1444/1470].


F4F Wildcat (Models G-16, G-18, G-36, G-52) - USN shipboard fighter. 1pCmwM rg. Also produced also by Eastern Div of General Motors Corp as FM (qv). POP total F4F/FM: 1,978 by Grumman, 5,927 (?>5,837) by GMC.
XF4F-1 - Design study as an improved version of biplane F3F, not built when Grumman engineers convinced USN that monoplanes were the way to go instead.

  Grumman XF4F-2 [0393] (Grumman via Andrew Seybel coll)

XF4F-2 1937 = P&W 1050hp P&W R-1830-66; span: 34'0" length: 26'5" v: 290 range: 740 ceiling: 27,400'; ff: 9/2/37 (p: Robert L Hall). POP: 1 prototype [0383], became transitional XF4F-2 and -3 with R-1830-76. Plagued with engine problems and poor performance, there was no production, and efforts went into a major redesign as F4F-3.

  Grumman XF4F-3 [0393] (Roger Seybel coll via Andrew Seybel)

XF4F-3 (Model G-36) 1939 = P&W 1200hp supercharged XR-1830-76 Twin Wasp; squared wingtips, raised stabilizer, squared forward-canted fin; span: 38'0" length: 28'0" v: 334 range: 900 ceiling: 33,500'; ff: 2/12/39. POP: 1 modified from XF4F-2 [0383].

  Grumman F4F-3 [1845] (Grumman)
  Grumman F4F-3/-3A Flotation bags shown inflated (Grumman)

F4F-3 1940 = Two-stage 1200hp P&W supercharged R-1830-86; span: 38'0" length: 28'9" load: 1737# (?>1827#) v: 331/198/x range: 860 ceiling: 37,000'; ff: 2/24/40. POP: 285 [1844/1897, 2512/2538, 3856/3874, 3970/4057, 12230/12329], of which 2 [1846/1847] became XF4F-5, then XF4F-3A. Experiments with in-wing flotation bags for use in ditching were cancelled after some bags accidentally opened in flight, causing crashes.

XF4F-3A 1941 = Single-stage P&W R-1830-90. POP: 60 exports to Greece, of which 30 were diverted to Fleet Air Arm as Martlet III, plus 2 to USN converted from XF4F-5 [1846/1847].

  Grumman F4F-3A (Grumman)

F4F-3A (Model G-36) 1941 = POP: 65 [3875/3969], included 30 destined for Greece, but impressed at Gibraltar by British Navy as Martlet III.

F4F-3P 1942 = Photo-recon modification. POP: 11 [1849, 1853, 1856, 1865, 1867, 1870/1872, 1875, 1880, 1894].

  Grumman F4F-3S [4038] (Roger Seybel coll via Andrew Seybel)

F4F-3S 1943 = Twin EDO floats, dubbed "Wildcatfish"; length: 39'1" v: 240; ff: 2/28/43. POP: 1 [4038], modified from F4F-3. Although the concept of a pontoon fighter-scout was good, in-flight drag of the floats decreased performance drastically, and USN cancelled an order for 100.

XF4F-4 1941 = Hydraulic folding wings, self-sealing tanks, modified armor; v: 326/20/x; ff: 4/14/41. POP: 1 modified from F4F-3 [1897].

  Grumman F4F-4 (art: K O Eckland)

F4F-4 (Model G-36B) 1941 = Production version with manually-folded wings; load: 1621# v: 318/155/x range: 1100. POP: 1,169 [4058/4098, 5030/5262, 01991/02152, 03385/03544, 11655/12227]. Two were tested as 180-mph gliders on tow by an RD-1 and AAC B-17 in experiments to increase their range, starting their motors after release from tow, but this never caught on. One tested in 1942 with a fixed wing and duplex flaps; crashed in testing.

F4F-4A - Planned repowering with supercharged P&W R-1830-90, but cancelled.

  Grumman Wildcat IV [FN100] (Roger Seybel coll via Andrew Seybel)
  Grumman F4F-4B with "FT" flight-test code at NAS Anacostia. Photo dated 4/21/42 contradicts that post-May 1942 style insignia. Identified as F4F-4B, its cowling is the type used on P&W-powered F4F-3s and -4s, not on the Wright-powered -4Bs (USN)

F4F-4B 1940-42 = Lend-Lease to England as Martlet and Wildcat; 1200hp Wright R-1820. POP: 220, plus 81 G-36A as Martlet I in 1940, and 100 G-36B as Martlet II in 1941; those modified in 1942 with a single-stage R-1820-40B became Wildcat IV (not Martlet IV, as often assumed, because of unification of plane names in 1942). A G-36A, during the Battle of Britain, was the first American-built aircraft in WW2 to down an enemy plane, on 12/25/40.

  Grumman XF4F-5 (Grumman)

XF4F-5 (Model G-36A) 1940 = F4F-3 modified with 1200hp Wright supercharged R-1820-40; length: 28'10" v: 306 ceiling: 35,500'. POP: 2 for tests [1846/1847] as XF4F-3A.

XF4F-6 1940 = Test-bed for supercharged P&W R-1830-90; ff: 11/11/40. POP: 1 [7031], redesignated as prototype F4F-3A.

  Grumman F4F-7 (Roger Seybel coll via Andrew Seybel)

F4F-7 (Model G-52) 1941 = Long-range, unarmed photo-recon with 685-gal tanks. R-1830-86; length: 29'10" v: 310 range: 3700 ceiling: 26,900'; ff: 12/30/41. POP: 21 [5263/5283].

  Grumman XF4F-8 Stock tail [12228] (Roger Seybel coll via Andrew Seybel)
  Grumman XF4F-8 Tall tail [12229] (Roger Seybel coll via Andrew Seybel)

XF4F-8 (General Motors) 1942 = Modified F4F-4 with 1350hp Wright XR-1820-56; length: 28'0" v: 321 ceiling: 36,400'; ff: 11/8/42. Fitted with split flaps to eliminate the cost and time of redesigning the tailplane. POP: 2 prototypes of GMC FM-2 [12228/12229].


  Grumman XF5F-1 Short- and long-nose (USN via W T Larkins coll)
  Grumman XF5F-1 Rare color shot (Grumman)
  Grumman XF5F-1 Third revision [1442] (Grumman)

F5F Skyrocket (Model G-34) 1940 = 1pClwM rg; two 1200hp supercharged Wright XR-1820; span: 42'0" length: 28'9" load: 2785# v: 383 (505 in a dive test)/210/72 range: 1170 ceiling: 33,000'; ff: 4/1/40 (p: R A "Bud" Gillies). Dick Hutton. Modified with new canopy and longer nose in 1941; length: 28'9" load: 2902#. Inward-rotating props in 1941. POP: 1 prototype as XF5F-1 [1442], scrapped in 1944 after 211 flights. Design elements are very apparent in F7F. SEE ALSO XP-50.

PIREP on the F5F

In the summer of 1941, XF5F-1 was tested in competition against F2A, F4F, XF4U, XFL-1, P-39, P-40, and British Hurricane and Spitfire. After familiarization flights in each aircraft, pilots flew a specified series of maneuvers, then submitted pilot reports on each. LtCdr John Crommelin had this to say about F5F:

"I remember testing against XF4U in a climb to 10,000'... I pulled away from the Corsair so fast I thought he was having engine trouble. F5F was a carrier pilot's dream ... opposite- rotating props eliminated all torque, and you had no engine in front to look around to see the LSO (Landing Signal Officer). Analysis of all data favored F5F, and Spitfire came in a distant second." Availability of spare parts at the time and other particulars cancelled F5F, and the Navy chose F4F instead for production.

F6F Hellcat, FV-1 (Model G-50) - USN shipboard fighter. 1pClwM rg; span: 42'10" length: 33'7". Contrary to popular legend, the Hellcat was not specifically designed to cope with the Japanese Zero; it was in preliminary design stages as an improved F4F well before the outbreak of WW2. Planned production of F6F-1 by Canadian Vickers as FV-1 never materialized.
Grumman XF6F-1 (Grumman)

XF6F-1 1942 = First prototype. 1700hp Wright R-2600-16; load: 3149# v: 432/230/x range: 1500 ceiling: 35,600'; ff: 6/26/42 (p: Robert L Hall). L R Grumman, William Schwendler. POP: 1, redesignated as XF6F-4.

Grumman "F6F-1" Enigma (USN)

F6F-1 19?? - Photo identified as such, likely in error since no F6F-1 was serialed by USN, but it is an unarmed version with the early insignia and might be a painted version of XF6F-1. Or XF6F-3?

XF6F-2 1944 = Second prototype, with 2000hp P&W turbo R-2800-10, four-blade prop; ff: 1/7/44. POP: 1 [66244], redesignated as XF6F-3.

Grumman XF6F-3 [02982] (Roger Seybel coll via Andrew Seybel)

XF6F-3 1942 = Converted from XF6F-1; similar to XF6F-2, but with three-blade prop, revised cowling, large spinner; ff: 7/30/42 (p: Seldon Converse). POP: 1 prototype [02982]; crashed in testing, rebuilt as XF6F-4.

  Grumman F6F-3 (USN Museum)
  Grumman F6F-3 Variable-stability wing tests (NASA)

F6F-3 1942 = First Production model; load: 3392# v: 450/230/x range: 1850. POP: 4,402 (?>4,607).

F6F-3E 1943 = APS-4 radar installation. POP: 18 modified from F6F-3.

F6F-3N 1943 = Night fighter with APS-6 radar, conversion from F6F-3. POP: 205 (?>252) Lend-Lease to Fleet Air Arm as Gannet I/Hellcat I.

F6F-3P 1943 = Photo-recon conversions of F6F-3. POP 150.

Grumman XF6F-4 [02982] (Grumman)

XF6F-4 1942 = Wing cannon tests. POP: 1 rebuild of XF6F-3 after its crash; P&W R-2800-27 added.

Grumman F6F-5 (Roger Seybel coll via Andrew Seybel)

F6F-5 1944 = 2000hp P&W R-2800-10W (v: 366/166/89); new canopy, cowling, fairings, modified tail, underwing bomb racks; some with radar pod. POP: 7,870, of which some were converted as drone controllers -5D and drones -5K for the Korean War; 2 became XF6F-6.

F6F-5N 1944 = Radar night fighter conversions of F6F-5. POP: 1,434, of which 80 Lend-Lease to Fleet Air Arm as Hellcat II, aka NF-11.

F6F-5P 1944 = Cameras added.

XF6F-6 1944 = 2100hp R-2800-18W, four-blade prop; v: 417. POP: 2 conversions from F6F-5 [70188, 70913].

F7F Tigercat (Model G-51) - 1-2pCmwM; span: 51'6" length: 45'7". The Navy's first production tricycle-gear carrier fighter, substantially based on design experience from F5F Skyrocket. Unproduced USAAF version was P-65.
  Grumman XF7F-1 [168291] (W T Larkins coll)

XF7F-1 1943 = Small radar; two 2100hp P&W R-2800-27; v: 427/177/x range: 1160 ceiling: 42,200'; ff: 11/2/43 (p: Robert L Hall). POP: 2 [03549/03550]; the first one crashed in testing.

  Grumman F7F-1 Borate bomber, Grass Valley CA (K O Eckland)

F7F-1, -1N 1944 = Night fighter. POP: 34 [80259/80260, 80262/80294].

XF7F-2 1944 = POP: 1 prototype [80261].

XF7F-2N 1944 = Converted from F7F-1. POP: 1 protoype [80294].

F7F-2N 1944 = 2p night fighter; large radar; ff: 10/3/44. POP: 64 [80295/80358], of which 2 to RNAF.

  Grumman F7F-3N (USN)

F7F-3 1945 = USMC day fighter; span: 45'5" load: 5510# v: 609/252/x range: 6000 ceiling: 40,400'. POP: 250 [80359/80608], of which some modifed as drone controller -3D (from F7F-2) and drone -3K, 2p night fighter -3N, and photo-recon -3P.

F7F-4N 1946 = 2p night fighter. POP: 13 [80608/80620], of which the first was modified from F7F-3.


  Grumman F8F (USN Museum)

F8F Bearcat (Model G-58) - 1pClwM rg: 2100hp P&W R-2800 and four-blade props; span: 35'6" length: 28'3". SEE ALSO General Motors F3M.
  Grumman XF8F-1 (NASA)

XF8F-1 1944 = load: 2260# v: 421/185/x range: 2200 ceiling: 41,300'; ff: 8/31/44 (p: Robert Hall). POP: 2 prototypes [90460/90461].

F8F-1, -1D, -1E, -1P 1944 = Production model; v: 421/163/x range: 1105 ceiling: 38,700'. POP: 659 (see next), plus 1 drone modification as F8F-1D [90446], 1 with radar pod as -1E [90445], and 1 photo-recon with fuselage camera in 1946 as -1P [90041].

F8F-1B 1946 = Four 20mm wing cannon. POP: 224 [94752/96751]; NOTE: this block consists of F8F-1/-1B and -1N, as well as 2 each XF8F-1N and XF8F-2. 1 used for wing cannon tests as F8F-1C.

XF8F-1N 1946 = Night fighter evaluation. POP: 2 prototypes converted from F8F-1 [94812, 94819].

F8F-1N 1946 = Night fighter with radar; ff: 5/13/46. POP: 12 [95034, 95140, 95150, 95161, 95171, 95182, 95191, 95198, 95206, 95214, 95222, 95230].

XF8F-2 1947 = POP: 2 prototypes converted from F8F-1 [95049, 95330].

  Grumman F8F-2 (Bradley W Althouse)

F8F-2 1947 = 2250hp R-2800 and larger rudder; length: 27'6" load: 5810# v: 447/182/x range: 1435 ceiling: 40,700'; ff: 6/11/47. POP: 283 [121523/121548, 121551/121574, 121586/121600, 121612/121631, 121638/121657, 121664/121683, 121690/121708, 121715/121733, 121740/121757, 121764/121769, 121776/121784, 121791/121792, 122614/122708]. Civil conversion by Acme Aircraft Co approved under TC (AR-32).

F8F-2N 1947 = Night fighter. POP: 12 [121549/121550, 121575/121579, 121601/121605].

F8F-2P 1948 = Photo-recon. POP: 69 [121580/121585, 121606/12161, 121632/121637, 121658/121663, 121684/121689, 121709/121714, 121734/121739, 121758/121763, 121770/121775, 121785/121790].


F9F Panther, Cougar (Model G-75) - 1pCmwM rg; span: 35'3" length: 37'5" v: 594/350/100 range: 1100. An F9F-2 downed a MiG-15 in the USN's first all-jet combat on 11/9/50 (p: LtCmdr W T Amen).
XF9F-1 Panther 1947 = 1500# Westinghouse J30. POP: 1. Original design was for a 2p four-engine night fighter, which appeared to be problematical.

  Grumman XF9F-2 (unknown magazine clip)

XF9F-2 (Model G-79) 1947 = 5000# P&W J42-P-6 (Rolls-Royce Nene); ff: 11/24/47 (p: Corky Meyer). POP: 2 [122475, 122477].

  Grumman F9F-2 Trio (USN)
  Grumman F9F-2 (William T Larkins)

F9F-2 1949 = Longer wing and 5750# P&W J42; span: 38'0" length: 37'11" v: 526/487/105 range: 1353. ceiling: 44,600'; ff: 2/17/49. POP: 425 [122563, 122567, 122569/122570, 122572, 122586/122589, 123016/123019, 123044/123067, 123077/123083], plus 54 converted from F9F-3.

F9F-2D, -2P 1949 = Fighter-bomber and unarmed photo-recon comversions of F9F-2. POP: ??.
XF9F-3 1948 = 4600# Allison J33-A-8; ff: 8/15/48. POP: 1 [122476].

F9F-3 1949 = POP: 54 [122560/122562, 122564/122566, 122568, 122571, 122573/122585, 123020/123043, 123068/123076], later converted to F9F-2.

XF9F-4, -5 1949 = POP: 2 [123084, 123086], the last modified as XF9F-5.

F9F-4 1950 = 5850# Allison J33-A, lengthened fuselage; length: 38'11" load: 11,208# v: 526 range: 1175 ceiling: 44,600'; ff: 9/21/50. POP: 109.

  Grumman F9F-5 (Grumman)

F9F-5 1949 = 6250# P&W J48-P; v: 579/481/108 range: 1130 ceiling: 42,800'; ff: 12/21/49. POP: 616 (?>641).

F9F-5P 1951 = Unarmed camera plane; length: 40'0". POP: 36.
XF9F-6 Cougar (Model G-93) 1951 = Swept-wing with 6250# P&W J48-P; span: 34'6" length: 40'10" (?>41'7"); ff: 9/20/51. POP: 1.

  Grumman F9F-6 (NACA)

F9F-6 1951 = Production model with 7250# P&W J48-P-8; span: 36'5" length: 41'7" v: 690 range: 1000 ceiling: 50,000'. POP: 746, included 60 photo-recon F9F-6P in 1954; length: 43'2". A number were also later converted to drone director DF-9E and drone QF-9E.

F9F-6P 1953 = Photo-recon with camera nose. POP: 60.
F9F-7, F-9H 19?? = 6350# Allison J33-A. POP: 170, the last 50 of which had 7250# P&W J48-P. Redesignated F-9H.

F9F-8, F-9J (Model G-99) 1954 = New wing with cambered leading edge, extended tail, larger fuel tanks; 6250# P&W J48-P; span: 34'6" length: 42'2" v: 745/594/x range: 1050 ceiling: 42,000'; ff: 1/18/54 (Corwin H Meyer). POP: 601. Redesignated F-9J in 1962.

F9F-8B 1955 = Field modification for special bomb racks. POP: 2 modifications.

  Grumman F9F-8P (Roger Seybel coll via Andrew Seybel)

F9F-8P 1955 = Lengthened photo-recon with camera nose; 7200# J48-P. POP: 110.

  Grumman F9F-8T [142440] (Roger Seybel coll via Andrew Seybel)

F9F-8T, TF-9J 1956 = 2p transonic fighter-trainer; 7200# P&W J48-P-8A; span: 34'6" length: 44'5" v: 705 range: 600 ceiling: 50,000'; ff: 4/4/56. POP: 400, of which 2 to Argentina. Redesignated TF-9J.

YF9F-9 1954 = Original designation for XF11F-1.

  Grumman XF10F-1 [124435] (Grumman via W T Larkins coll)

F10F Jaguar 1952 = 1pChwM rg; 6700# Westinghouse J40-WE-8; 13.5-to-42.5° variable-sweep wingspans were 50'7" for landing and take-off, 36'8" for flight; length: 55'8"; load: 10,787# v: 710/x/90 range: 1670 ceiling: 31,500'; ff: 5/19/52 (p: Corwin H "Corky" Meyer). Delta T-tail; leading-edge slats. POP: 1 as XF10F-1 [124435], plus 1 partially completed when tests were cancelled [124436]. (USN records also show a s/n batch allocation of [128311/128322].) Completed 32 test flights, but chronic tail and development problems ended testing. It ended its career as a gunnery target.
  Grumman F11F-1 Pictured shortly before it shot itself down [138620], see link below (Grumman)

F11F Tiger - 1pCmwM rg; 7800# Wright J65-W; span: 31'8" length: 44'6". Tom Attridge had the curious honor of shooting himself down in an F11F-1: SEE A Tiger Bites Its Tail.
XF11F-1 1954 = ff: 7/30/54 (p: Corwin H Meyer). POP: 3 prototypes (originally YF9F-9).

F11F-1 1954 = Production model; length: 44'11" load: 10,152# v; 641/575/x range: 1108 ceiling: 41,900. POP: 199.

F11F-1F Super Tiger 1956 = Larger fuselage, repowered with 17000# GE J79; v x/580/x range: 1136 ceiling: 42,800'; ff: 5/22/56 (Corwin H Meyer). Set speed (1386mph) and altitude (76,828') records in 1956. POP: 2 as demonstrators for foreign governments.

  Grumman XF12F-1 Factory concept model (Grumman via Jos Heyman)

F12F (Model G-118) - Design project for 1pCmwM 1500mph carrier fighter as XF12F-1. Issued s/ns [143401/143402], but was not built.
FF (Model G-5) - 2pCB rg USN shipboard fighter. Leroy Grumman. The first Grumman aircraft, and first USN fighter with retracting gear and canopied cockpits, developed in concert with GG with government backing. Evolved into the classic series of fat-bellied USN scouts (SF) and fighters (F2F and F3F). Production also subcontracted to Canadian Car & Foundry Co for exports to China and Spain, and RCAF as Goblin I.
  Grumman XFF-1 [A-8878] (USN/National Archives)

XFF-1 1931 = 575hp Wright R-1820-E Cyclone; span: (upper) 33'0" (lower) 30'0" length: 24'11" v: 200/120/61 range: 560 ceiling: 23,500'; ff: 12/29/31 (p: William McAvoy). POP: 1 prototype [A8878].

  Grumman FF-1 [9350]

FF-1 1933 = Heavier spars, 750hp Wright R-1820-78; span: (upper) 34'6 (lower) 31'6" length: 24'6" load: 1579# v: 207/122/64 range: 880-920 ceiling: 22,500'; ff: 4/24/33. POP: 27 [9350/9376].

  Grumman FF-2 [9371] (Grumman)

FF-2 1936 = Dual-control trainer, converted from FF-1. POP: 22.


FM SEE F4F, Eastern FM.
G-3 - Twin-engine, twin-tail flying boat design for USCG, not built.
G-15 1939 = 3pCBAm; export version of J2F-4. POP: 4 to Argentina.
G-20 1937 = Modified JF-2. POP: 8 to Argentina.
  McKinnon Turbo Goose G-21C (Aero Digest)

G-21 Goose 1937 (ATC 654) = 6-8pChwMAm; two 450hp P&W Wasp SB2; span: 49'0" length: 38'4" load: 2550# v: 201/180/62 range: 800-900 ceiling: 24,000'; ff: 5/29/37 (p: Robert Hall, Bud Gillies). William Schwendler, Ralston Stalb. $68,000; POP: 12 initially, total production: 375. Conversions by McKinnon Enterprises to four 340hp Lycoming O-480, and in 1966 as G-21C Turbo Goose.
  Grumman G-21A [NC95431], ex-JRF-6B (William T Larkins)

G-21A 1938 (654) = Modified hull; ff: 11/15/38. POP: more than 250, of which 31 to AAC as OA-9/-9GR and 5 as OA-13, 10 initially to USN/USCG as XJ3F-1 and JRF. Some records show ultimate acquisition of 222 by USN, which has yet to be verified.

G-21B 1940 = Seaplane, minus wheels (the only such Grumman); increased load: 2629# range: 1050. POP: 12 [NX97/108], delivered to Portugal.


  Grumman G-22 in flight [NR1050] (Grumman)
  Grumman G-22 [NR1050] (Jay Miller coll via CALS)

G-22 1936 = 1pCB rg; 1000hp Wright Cyclone; span: 28'6" length: 21'3" (?>23'2") load: 2423# v: 290/220/66 range: 1000. Civil exhibition edition of a hybrid USN F2F/F3F. POP: 1 as Al Williams' Gulfhawk II [NR1050]. To NASM in Oct 1948.
G-23 (Canada) 1938 = FF-1/SF-1 export version assembled under license by Canadian Car & Foundry from Grumman-built fuselages and Brewster-built wings; specs similar to FF-1. POP: 53; 34 to Spain as Delfin, 1 each to Japan, Mexico, and Nicaragua, 16 to RCAF as Goblin in 1940.
  Grumman G-32 [NC1051] (Roger Seybel coll via Andrew Seybel)

G-32 1938 (2-544) = 2pCB rg; 1000hp Wright R-1820 Cyclone; span: 32'0" length: 23'3" v: 260/240/65 range: 985. Civil edition of USN F3F. POP: 2; 1 for Grumman Co [NC1326], 1 for Al Williams as Gulfhawk III [NC/NR1051] with 710hp Wright Cyclone.

Williams' plane was inducted into USAAF as C-103 in 1942, and destroyed in a Florida crash. As G-32A, aka Red Ship, the second plane also became a C-103 sold surplus after the war [NC46110=N7F], and lasted until 1971, when it caught fire in flight and was abandoned to crash. Additionally, Williams was provided by Gulf Oil Co with a Stinson 105 in 1940 as personal transport, named Gulfhawk Junior. (— K O Eckland
G-36 - Factory designation for F4F.
  Grumman G-36A (Grumman)

G-36A, -36B 1940 = F4F-3 originally ordered by France as fixed-wing G-36A, but upon the fall of that country to Germany the order was diverted to Great Britain as Martlet I and II, with refitting of 1200hp P&W S3C4-G Twin Wasp as G-36B. Similar specs as F4F-3 but folding wings; ff (as G-36A): 5/11/40. POP: SEE F4F-3A/-4B.

  Grumman G-44 [N9933H] (Eddie Coates coll)

G-44 Widgeon 1940 (734) = 4-5pChwMAm; two 200hp Ranger 6-440; span: 40'0" length: 31'5" load: 1285# v: 153/138/58 range: 650 ceiling: 14,600'. $30,000; POP: 276, of which 176 to USN/USCG as JRF; 10 destined for Portugal impressed by USAAF as OA-14, along with 16 civilian units, in early 1942.
G-44A 1944 = Civil production resumed in 1945 with two 300hp Lycoming R-680; span: 31'1" load: 1200-1460# v: 155/143/62 (?>150/142/50) range: 700 ceiling: 14,600'; ff: 8/8/44. POP: 75, plus about 40 license-built in France 1949-52. Later conversions by McKinnon Enterprises as Super Widgeon (POP: about 70).

  Grumman G-58A [NL3025] (Roger Seybel coll via Andrew Seybel)

G-58A Bearcat 1947 = 1pClwM rg; 2100hp P&W R-2800 (from Martin 202); span: 35'6" length: 27'6"; ff: 7/23/47. POP: 2 F8F-2 conversions; one as Gulf Oil Co Gulfhawk IV for Al Williams, which was destroyed in a 1951 crash-landing [NX1201V=NL3025], and one in 1950 as Redship (again) for company use [N700A=N7700C].
  Grumman G-63 [NX41808] (Grumman)

G-63, -63A Kitten 1944/1947 = 2pClwM; 125hp Lycoming O-290; span: 32'0" length: 19'11" load: 755# v: 149/128/x. Grumman's all-metal foray into the postwar lightplane market; ff: 3/18/44 (p: Hank Kurt). POP: 1 [NX41808] with spilt flaps and conventional gear; evolved into G-72 and -81. Nicknamed Hepcat by the production team.
  Grumman G-65 [NX41828] (Eddie Coates coll)

G-65 Tadpole 1944 = 2pCmwMAm; 125hp Continental C-125; span: 35'0" length: 23'6" load: 655#; ff: 12/7/44. David Thurston. Tricycle gear. POP: 1 [NX41828], showed little promise and was shelved.
G-72 Kitten II 1946 = 3pClwM; 125hp Lycoming O-290; span: 32'0" length: 21'0". G-63A redesign with two-control system and tricycle gear—originally had a twin tail that was changed to a single tail before flight tests; ff: 2/4/46 (p: Hank Kurt). POP: 1 [NX41858]. Became G-81.
  Grumman G-73 [N2946] (Roger Seybel coll via Andrew Seybel)

G-73 Mallard 1946 (783) = 12pChwMAm; two 550hp P&W Wasp H; span: 66'8" length: 48'4" load: 3500# v: 215/180/71 range: 1120; ff: 4/30/46 (p: Fred Rowley) in prototype [NX41824]. Gordon Israel. $115,000, $150,000 in 1950; POP: 59. The first two were custom-built for King Farouk of Egypt—complete with a regal throne! Series continued in 1947 with the omega military HU-16 Albatross. Production ended in 1951.
G-81 1947 = Still dubbed Hepcat, the G-63/-72 was modified for ducted-wing testing (Dr William Green). Embellished with slotted flaps and other appendages to induce slow flight; ff: 2/11/47. Flight characteristics are unknown, but it was prone to ground loops—one test report bluntly commented, "Not proceeded with." Project was abandoned in favor of military contracts, and the plane donated to Cornell University.
  Grumman G-159 [N701G] (Roger Seybel coll via Andrew Seybel)

G-159 Gulfstream I, VC-4A (Grumman-American) 1958 = Commercial and corporate transport. 10-20pClwM rg; two 2180# Rolls-Royce Dart Mk529; span: 78'4" length: 63'9" load: 17,277# v: 403/351/x range: 2620 ceiling: 30,400'; ff: 8/14/58 (p: Carl Alber, Fred Rowley). POP: 191, included 2 to USCG as VC-4A in 1963. ALSO SEE separate Gulfstream American listing.
G-164 AgCat (Grumman-American) - Agricultural sprayer. 1pOB; 220-300hp Jacobs L4M (R-755-A2M); span: 35'8" length: 24'4" load: 1621# v: 110/85/55 range: 216; ff: 5/22/57. Also subcontracted to Schweizer Corp in Elmira NY.
G-164X 1957 = 220hp Continental RW-670-4; v: 114/75/55. POP: 2 prototypes [N74054/74055].

G-164 1959 = First production. POP: 400.

G-164A Super AgCat 1965 = 450hp P&W R-985*; span: 35'11" length: 25'11" load: 3279# v: 150/121/57. POP: 1,340. *Many repowered with up to 600hp, with varying load and speed data.

G-164B Super AgCat 1975 = Larger wing and tail; span: 42'3". POP: 669.

G-164C Super AgCat 1975 = Longer fuselage, 600hp R-1340; length: 30'0" load: 2650# v: 150/121/x. POP: 44.

G-164D Turbo Cat 1975 = 680hp P&W PT6A-15; length: 34'4" load: 3070# v: 178/109/x. POP 22.


G-1159 Gulfstream II (Grumman-American) 1966 = Upgraded Gulfstream I with two Rolls-Royce 163-25 turbofans; span: 68'110" length: 79'11" load: 30,081# v: 588/496/x range: 3345 ceiling: 43,000'; ff: 10/2/66. POP: 228, included 1 to USCG.
GA-7 Cougar (Gulfstream American) 1978 (A17EA, A17SO) = 4pClwM rg; two 160hp Lycoming O-320-D1D; span: 36'11" length: 29'10" load: 1285# v: 193/131/62 range: 1336 ceiling: 18,300'. POP: 115.
GE-23 - No data found.
  Grumman GG-1 [X12V] (Roger Seybel coll via Andrew Seybel)
  Grumman GG-1 [X12V] (National Archives)

GG 1934 = Ostensibly a civil SF-1 with 450hp P&W R-1340 and similar data. POP: 1 as GG-1, later repowered with Wright R-1820 [X/NR12V] c/n 202.
Gulfstream American SEE separate listing on Gr page.
  Grumman HU-16 [1241] (USCG Cape Cod)
  Grumman HU-16B AF S&R (USAF Museum)

HU-16 - 1962 redesignation of SA-16 and UF.
J2F Duck (Model G-15) - 3pCBAm; 750hp Wright R-1820-80; span: 39'0" length: 34'0" load: 1860# v: 175 ceiling: 17,600'.
  Grumman J2F-1 [0188] (USN)

J2F-1 1936 = Carrier gear, full-span flaps in 1937; ff: 4/3/36. POP: 29 [0162/0190].

  Grumman J2F-2 [1196] (William T Larkins)

J2F-2 1938 = 790hp Wright R-1820-30. POP: 30 [0780/0794, 1195/1209].

J2F-2A 1939 = J2F-2 field-modified by USMC with increased ordnance. POP: 9 [1198/1206].
  Grumman J2F-3 [1572] (William T Larkins)
  Grumman J2F-3 Command [1579] (William T Larkins)

J2F-3 1939 = VIP transport; load: 1592# ceiling: 21,600'; ff: 1/30/39. POP: 20 [1568/1587].

  Grumman J2F-4 [1656] (William T Larkins)

J2F-4 1939 = J2F-3 as target tug. POP: 32 [1639/1670].

  Grumman J2F-5 [00659] (Roger Seybel coll via Andrew Seybel)

J2F-5 1941 = 950hp Wright R-1820-50 with improved oil-cooling system and increased ordnance. POP: 144 [00659/00802], of which 6 to AAC as OA-12, and 1 as prototype Columbia J2F-6.

  Columbia J2F-6 [36967] (William T Larkins)

J2F-6 (Columbia) 1941 = Longer cowling, 1050hp R-1820-54; v: 176/155/x range: 850 ceiling: 26,700'. POP: 330 [32637/32786, 33535/33614, 36935/37034], plus 15 to RAF as Gosling II. Unclear if entire J2F-6 production was specific to Columbia or partially shared with Grumman.


J3F Goose 1938 = 6pChwMAm; two 400hp P&W R-985; span: 49'0" length: 38'4" v: 187 ceiling: 21,300'; ff: 9/7/38. POP: 5 as XJ3F-1 [1384, four not located], redesignated as JRF-1A. One 8p XJ3F-1 was a USN transfer to Dept of Fish & Game in 1947 as [NC727].
J4F Widgeon - Military version of G-44. 3-5pChwMAm; two 200hp Ranger L-440; span: 40'0" length: 31'0" load: 1285# v: 153/138/x range: 800 ceiling: 14,600'.
  Grumman J4F-1 [V201] (William T Larkins)

J4F-1, OA-14 1941 = Top hatch. POP: 25 to USCG [V197/204, et al].

  Grumman J4F-2 (Grumman)

J4F-2 1942 = Less top hatch. POP: 131 to USN [09789, 09805/09816, 30151, 32937/32986, 33952/33957, 34585, 37711/37770, 99074-99077], included Lend-Lease to Britain as Gosling I. [99074-99077] were impressed G-44s.


JF Duck - 3pCBAm; 700hp P&W R-1830; span: 39'0" length: 32'7" load: 851# ceiling: 21,500'. AAC version was OA-12. Production by Grumman and Columbia Aircraft.
  Grumman XJF-1 [9218] (Clark Scott coll)

XJF-1 (Model G-7) 1933 = ff: 4/24/33 (p: Paul Hovgard). POP: 1 prototype [9218].

  Grumman JF-1 [9434] (William T Larkins)

JF-1 (Model G-7) 1934 = 700hp P&W R-1830-62 with longer cowling; length: 33'0" load: 1262# ceiling: 18,000'; ff: 4/17/34 (p: B A Gillies). POP: 27 [9434/9455, 9523/9527].

  Grumman JF-2 [V-148, 162] (USCG)

JF-2 (Model G-7) 1934 = 720hp Wright R-1820-102. POP: 4 for USN [0266, 00371/00372, 01647] and 14 for USCG [V135/148]. Set amphibian speed record in Dec 1934 (191mph).

  Grumman JF-3 [9835] (William T Larkins)

JF-3 (Model G-10) 1935 = 750hp Wright R-1820-80; span: 39'0" length: 33'0" v: 175 ceiling: 16,600'. POP: 5 to USN/USMC Reserve units [9835/9839].


JL (Columbia) 1946 = 2pChwAm; 1200hp Wright R-1820-54; span: 50'0" length: 45'11" v: 174/103/x range: 2070; ff: 10/25/46. POP: 2 as XJL-1 [31399/31400]; to civil registry in 1959 as [N54207] and [N54205] respectively.
JRF Goose - 6pChwMAm; two 450hp P&W R-985; span: 49'0" length: 38'4" load: 2530# v: 201/191/x range: 640.
  Grumman JRF-1 (USN)

JRF-1 1939 = POP: 35 [1671/1680, 3846/3855, 6440/6454, 07004].
JRF-1A 1939 = POP: 5 redesignated from XJ3F-1 [1671/1673, 1678/1679].
JRF-2 1939 = Equipment modifications. POP: 7 for USCG [V174/176, V184/187].

  Grumman JRF-3 [V-190] (USCG)
  Grumman JRF-3A [V-191] (USCG)

JRF-3, -3A 1940 = POP: 3 for USCG [V190/192], some modified as JRF-3A.

  Grumman JRF-4 (USN)

JRF-4 1940 = Equipped for depth charges. POP: 10 converted from JRF-1 [3846/3855], 2 production [09767, 35921], and 1 impressed G-21A NC3022=99078].

JRF-5 1941 = Wing bomb racks. POP: 184 [03713/03742, 04349/04358, 34060/34094, 37771/37831, 39747/39748, 48229, 84790/84818, 87720/87751] (15 coverted from JRF-1 [6440/6454]), of which 2 to USAAF in 1945 as OA-13 [48229, x], 24 transferred to USCG, 2 to Cuba; an unknown number to England as Goose I.

JRF-6B (Goose 1A) 1942 = Navigation trainer and other special duties. POP: 47 [66315/66361], of which 5 to USAAF as OA-9GR, 1 to Bolivia, some to England as Goose II.


  Grumman XJR2F-1 (USN)

JR2F Albatross 1949 = USN utility. ChwMAm; two 1425hp Wright R-1820; span: 80'0" length: 61'4" v: 277/230/x; ff: 10/1/47. Prototype development leading to USAF SA-16 and USN/USCG UF-1. POP: 2 as XJR2F-1 [82853, x].
OA-9 1938 = Civil G-21 impressed by USAAF. POP: 26 [38-556/581], plus 5 JRF-6B transferred to USAAF as navigation trainer OA-9GR.
OA-12 Duck 1941 = USAAF transfers from USN J2F with similar specs. 3pChwMAm; 950hp Wright R-1820. Data similar to USN. POP: 1 from J2F-5 [42-7771].
  Grumman OA-12A [41-563] (USAF Museum)

OA-12A 1941 = USAF S&R. POP: 5 from J2F-6 [41-563/567].

OA-13 Goose - Civil G-21As purchased from private owners or acquired otherwise.
OA-13A 1942 = POP: 5 [42-38214/38215].

OA-13B 1945 = JRF-5 transferred from USN. POP: 2 [45-49088/49089].


OA-14 Widgeon (Columbia) 1942 = USAAF version similar to J4F-1 with two inverted 220hp Ranger L-440; span: 40'0" length: 31'1" load: 1285# v: 150. POP: 16 impressed G-44s [42-38216/38223, -38265, -38339/38340, -38355/38356, -43460, -53003, 44-52977].
OF-1, OV-1 SEE AO-1
HU-16 SEE SA-16.
P-50 1941 = 1pClwM rg; two 1200hp Wright R-1820-67. USAAF version of XF5F-1 with tri-gear, pilot armor, more streamlined fuselage; span: 42'0" length: 31'11" load: 3807# v: 427/317/75 range: 1250 ceiling: 40,000'; ff: 2/18/941 (p: Robert L Hall). Dick Hutton. POP: 1 prototype as XP-50 [40-3057], crashed after supercharger exploded 5/14/41 (Hall bailed out).
P-65 (Model G-51) - Planned as a joint-service, twin-motor fighter, but different requirements forced cancellation. However, major portions of the design went into USN XF7F-1.
S-2 SEE S2F
S2F, S-2 Tracker (Model G-89) - USN sub-hunter and utility. 4pChwM rg; two 1525hp Wright R-1820-82. Nicknamed "Stoof." Type redisgnated as S-2 in 1962, with retroactive redesignations for those built previously.
XS2F-1 1952 = span: 69'8" length: 42'3"; ff: 12/4/52 (p: Norm Coutant, Fred Rowley). POP: 2 [129137/129138].

YS2F-1 1952 = POP: 15 [129139/129153].

  Grumman S2F-1 Forestry service [N453DF] (William T Larkins)
  Grumman S2F-2A (Andrew Seybel coll)

S2F-1, S-2A 1953 = Two 1525hp Wright R-1820-82 span: 42'0" load: 6113# v: 272/150/x range: 968 ceiling: 22,800'. POP: 755 (?>650), of which some became US-2B utility version. Modifications both by USN and Grumman brought about many variants, such as S-2A and -2B, TS-2A, YS-2A, and others. Also license-built in Canada by de Havilland as CS2F-1 for Canadian Navy, plus exports to South America, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Taiwan, and Thailand. Civil conversions by California Dept of Forestry approved under TC (A25WE).

S2F-1S, S-2B 19?? = Passive long-range acoustic, and echo-sounding search equipment. POP: ?? modifications by USN.

S2F-1S1, S-2F 19?? = Upgraded variations of the previous equipment.

S2F-1T, TS-2A 19?? = Trainer version of S-2A.

S2F-2, S-2C 1954 = Larger bomb bay, longer stabilizer; two 1525hp Wright R-1820-82; load: 7500# v: 263/150/x range: 858 ceiling: 21,100'. POP: 60, of which some became S2F-2P and -2U.
S2F-2P, RS-2C 19?? = Photo-recon version modified from S2F-2.

S2F-2U, US-2C 19?? = Utility version modified from S2F-2, of which about 50 became USN target tugs.

S2F-3, S-2D 1959 = Second major production, with enlarged cabin, larger tail, other modifications; span: 72'7" length: 43'6" load: 10,400# v: 242/173/x range: 1000 ceiling: 20,100'; ff: 6/20/59 (p: Tom Attridge). POP: 119. Redesignated S-2D.
S2F-3S 1960 = Revised avionics. POP: 68 (?>241), of which 14 to Australian Navy.
S-2E 1962 = Tactical navigation system; span: 72'7" length: 43'6" load: 7834# v: 253/149/x range: 1150.

  Grumman S-2T (CA Dept of Forestry)

S-2T 1987 = Civil fire-bomber/airtanker conversion of S-2A with two 1650hp Garrett TPE-331-GR turboprops. Success of a prototype by Marsh Aviation (Mesa AZ) led to a CDF contract for 23 more built until 2005.


SA-16, HU-16 Albatross - USAF version of USN JR2F. Redesignated to HU-16 in 1962. Civil conversions by Air Crane Co approved under TC (A33SO).
  Grumman SA-16A (Aerodromes Airside)

SA-16A, HU-16A 1949 = 18pChwMAm; two 1425hp Wright R-1820-76; span: 80'0" length: 60'8" load: 8628# v: 278/225/80 range: 1400 ceiling: 22,600' (?>25,000'); ff: 7/20/49. POP: 290, of which about 145 were export models. Became HU-16A. USN version: UF-1. All SR-16As were eventually converted to -16Bs.

  Grumman SA-16B [51-7211]

SA-16B, HU-16B 1956 = Upgrades of SA-16A with new wing, cambered leading edge, de-icers; span: 96'8" length: 62'10" load: 14,475# v: 235/151/x range: 2600 ceiling: 24,000'; ff: 1/16/56. POP: 241 modifications, of which 10 to Canada in 1960 and 36 to foreign nations in 1961. Became HU-16B.

HU-16C 1951 = ChwMAm.

TU-16C 19?? = Trainer version.

Grumman XSBF-1 [9996] (Roger Seybel coll via Andrew Seybel)

SBF 1935 = Enlarged SF-1; 650hp P&W R-1535; span: (upper) 34'6" (lower) 31'6" v: 215/x/67 range: 525 ceiling: 23,100'; ff: 12/24/35 (p: Bud Gillies). POP: 1 as XSBF-1 [9996].
SF (Model G-6) - USN 2p scouting version of FF, with similar specs, but larger fuel tanks.
  Grumman XSF-1 [A-8940] (Grumman)

XSF-1 1932 = 600hp P&W R-1690C, replaced by 750hp Wright R-1820-F; span: 34'6" length: 24'6" v: 206 range: 900 ceiling: 22,500'; ff: 8/20/32. POP: 1 prototype [A8940].

  Grumman SF-1 (TknL coll)

SF-1 1932 = Production model with wider cowling and full-ring exhaust collector. POP: 33 [9460/9492].

  Grumman XSF-2 [9493] (Roger Seybel coll via Andrew Seybel)

XSF-2 1934 = 650-700hp P&W R-1535-72; length: 24'9" load: 935# v; 215/x/63 range: 750 ceiling: 24,100'. POP: 1 [9493].


TACIT BLUE SEE Northrop-Grumman.
TB3F - USN carrier-based strike aircraft. 2pCmwM rg; 2300hp P&W R-2800; span: 60'0" length: 42'11" load: 4060# v: 272/155/85 range: 1578. Scheduled to operate as two-plane teams with one carrying search radar and the other doing the attacking. Redesignated as AF Guardian in 1948.
  Grumman XTB3F-1 [90504] (Grumman)

XTB3F-1 1946 = Added 1600# Westinghouse 19XB jet in the tail for short bursts of speed, estimated up to 350mph, but the idea was abandoned before flight testing; ff: 12/23/46. POP: 1 prototype [90504].
  Grumman XTB3F-1S [90506] (Navy League Seapower)

XTB3F-1S 1948 - Design revamped as a 4p sub tracker with belly radome. POP: 1 [90506]; program cancelled.
XTB3F-2S 1949 = 3p sub killer. POP: 1 [90505].

TBF Avenger - USN torpedo-bomber. 3pCmwM rg; 1700hp Wright R-2600-8. William Schwendler et al. Latterly produced as General Motors TBM by Eastern-GMC. Grumman production ended in Dec 1943.
  Grumman XTBF-1 (Grumman)

XTBF-1 1941 = POP: 2 [2539/2540], the first of which crashed in testing.

  Grumman TBF-1 (Grumman)
  Grumman FTBF-1 "Fighter" conversion [00550] (Grumman)

TBF-1 1942 = Production model; span: 54'2" length: 41'0" v: 267/145/x range: 1210 ceiling: 22,400'; ff: 1/3/42. POP: 2,291, of which 1 modified as a single-seat fighter (seen unofficially recorded as FTBF-1 [00550]); crashed in testing.

TBF-1B 1942 = Lend-Lease to Britain and RNZAF as Tarpon I.

TBF-1C, -1CP 1942 = 20mm wing cannon. POP: 764 conversions from TBF-1; -1CP had cameras added; became TBF-1P.

TBF-1D 1942 = TBF-1 modified with RT-5/APS-4 radar.

TBF-1E 1942 = TBF-1 used to test avionics and radar.

TBF-1J 1942 = TBF-1 used to test deicing and other weather equipment. POP: 1.

TBF-1L 1942 = TBF-1 fitted with retractable searchlight.

TBF-1P 1943 = Production model of TBF-1CP.

TBF-2 1942 = Prototype with Wright XR-2600-10. POP: 1 as XTBF-2.

  Grumman XTBF-3 Turbojet testing [24141] (Grumman)

TBF-3 1943 = 1900hp R-2600-20 prototype for General Motors TBM-3. POP: 1 conversion of TBF-1 as XTBF-3 [24141]. Later modified as a test-bed for British Halford H-1B turbojet.


TBY 1941 = Wartime contract production of Vought TBU. POP: 2 as TBY-2.
  Grumman TC-4C [155727] (USN)

TC Academe 1967 = USN bombardier and navigator trainer; 8pClwM rg; two 2185hp Rolls-Royce Dart; span: 78'4" length: 67'11" load: 11,425# v: 385/333/x range: 1865 ceiling: 30,400'. POP: 9 as TC-4C.
TF SEE C-1.
Tr-2 (Grumman-American) 197? = Dual-control version of AA-1C for flight schools with minimal radios, and no interior upgrades or wheel fairings.
UF Albatross - USN utility transport version of JR2F; redesignated as HU-16 in 1962. 18pChwMAm; two Wright R-1820-76; span: 80'0" length: 60'8" load: 8628# v: 270/225/80 range: 2700 ceiling: 22,600'; ff: 12/14/49. Civil conversions by Air Crane Co approved under TC (A33SO), and Buehn Co under TC (A23NM).
  Grumman UF-1 [131909] (Harold G Martin / Grumman)

UF-1 1949 = POP: 102, included 8 to Indonesia.
  Grumman UF-1G (William T Larkins)

UF-1G 1952 = POP: 46 for USCG. Became HU-16C.

UF-1T 195? = Trainer version. POP: 5. Became TU-16C.

UF-2 1956 = POP: 5 exports to Germany and 6 to Japan. Became HU-16D.
UF-2G 19?? = Modified UF-2 for USCG. POP: ??. Became HU-16E.

US-2 SEE S2F.
V-1 SEE AO-1.
VC-4A SEE G-159.
VC-11 (Grumman American) c.1966 = USCG version of G-1159. POP: 1 as VC-11A.
W2F, E-2 Hawkeye - Early warning. ChwM rg; two 4050hp Allison T-56-A; span: 80'7" length: 56'4" load: 13,575# v: 368/315/x range: 2650 ceiling: 31,700'; ff: 10/21/60. Triple tails, dorsal radar. Redesignated E-2.
W2F-1 (E-2A) 1960 = POP: 59, of which 2 converted to C-2A in 1965.

E-2B 1969 = Popular nickname "Super Fudd." Modified and upgraded from E-2A. POP: 53 conversions.

  Grumman E-2C (Vickers via USN)
  Grumman E-2C Launch from CVN-73 George Washington (PM3 Chris Vickers / USN)

E-2C 1971 = New avionics, engine cooling system; 4910hp T-56-A; length: 57'8" load: 13,870# v: 374/310/x range: 2500 ceiling: 30,800'; ff: 1/15/71. POP: 166, included 27 export models to Egypt, Israel, Japan, and Singapore.


WF, E-1 Tracer - Modified S2F as airborne early-warning (AEW) sentinel. Twin tails to cope with wake effect of large radome; TBF Avenger-type folding wings; ff: 3/1/57. Popular nickname "Willie Fudd." Specs similar to S2F. Redesignated as E-1 in 1958. Design evolved from C-1 (TF-1).
WF-1 1957 = POP: 2.

WF-2, E-1B 1958 = POP: 88 as E-1B.


  Grumman X-29 (NASA Dryden)

X-29 FSW 1984 = Forward-swept, variable-camber-wing fighter made from composite materials, rebuilt from Northrop F-5A. 1pClwM rg; GE F-404-GE-400 turbofan; span: 27'2" length: 53'11" load: 4000# v: 1335 ceiling: 50,200'; ff: 12/14/84 (p: Charles Sewell). One of the most unusual aircraft designs ever (one viewer's description: "a Burt Rutan design after eight martinis"), it was used from 1984-92 by NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center to investigate advanced concepts and technologies. POP: 2 as X-29A [83-0003, -0049]. 242 flights to Sep 1991.
SOURCES:
-- Grumman, 60 Years of Excellence, Bill Gunston [Orion 1988]
-- Grumman Guidebook, Mitch Mayborn (ed) [Flying Enterprise 1976] softbound
-- The Ironworks, Terry Treadwell [Airlife 1990]

The art courses in Florence consists of two 4 months terms.