REVISED: 2/12/09



Locomotive Terminal Improvement Co, Barrington IL (application for license from (M D) Mann Air Service Engr Co, Chicago)

Chicago Javelin 1929 = 3pOB; 220hp Wright J-5 Whirlwind; span: 33'0" (?>42'0") length: 30'0"; ff: 4/16/29. Experimental craft built for Continental Air Services, Chicago, subsequently sold to private owners; [9309] c/n 1. Seen also named after its builder as (Leslie G) Mulzer Locomotive (c.1931). Crashed at Friendship WI on 11/12/31, license cancelled that day.


Loehle Enterprises, Wartrace TN. Also Loehle Aviation Inc, Loehle Aircraft Corp.

5151 1986 = 3/4-scale replica of North American P-51 Mustang. 1pClwM rg; 48hp Rotax; span: 27'5" length 22'10"; ff: 1/30/86. $9,995 airframe kit. Marketed kits and components. Expanding line of popular replicas also included 2p Curtiss Jenny (discontinued in 2003), Fokker D.7, S.E.5a, and SPAD 13; $14,995 for kit with preassembled fuselage, wings, and tail. POP: unknown.

P-40 19?? = 3/4-scale replica of Curtiss P-40. 1pClwM rg; 65hp Rotax; span: 28'0" length: 22'10". $9,995 airframe kit. Marketed kits and components.

Spitfire Elite 2002 = 65hp Rotax 582; span: 27'3" length: 22'10" load: 500# v: 140/105/38. $34,995 for complete kit including engine and accessories.

Sport Parasol 1992 = 1pOhwM; 50hp Rotax; span: 25'6" length: 18'5" load: 296# v: 85/65/30 range: 200. Marketed kits and components.



W J Lofland Aircraft Co, Detroit MI.

1931 = BAm; 90hp Warner Scarab; no data. Amphibious biplane "being built to show at National Aircraft Show, for sport, pleasure, and training." [497K] c/n 2. Letter to DoC 2/9/33 stated that the engine had been removed and the "remains stored in a hangar". Reg cancelled 2/9/33.

Lone Eagle SEE Moundsville, Ryan Mechanics


Leslie Long, Cornelius and Beaverton OR.

  Long AL-1 Longster

Anzani Longster (AL-1) 1930 = 1pOmwM; 35hp Long Harlequin; span: 27'1" length: 18'0" load: 170#. POP: 1. Refitted with other motors up to 80hp Anzani.

  Long HL-1 Longster [10115] (Frank Rezich coll)

Henderson Longster (HL-1), aka III 1930 = 1pOhwM; 25hp Henderson; span: 30'0" length: 18'6" load: 175# v: 75/x/25. An early homebuilder project. POP: about 5 [10115] c/n 3 (registered to a G Long), [12775] c/n 5, et al. An unknown number of kits and plans sold. In total, Long was responsible for seven different home-builder designs and 11 constructed airplanes, as well about a dozen of his 35hp Harlequin motors, before his death in 1945.


David E Long, Lock Haven PA. 1959: Rights acquired by (Robert W) Bushby Aircraft Inc, Glenwood IL. 1992: Rights sold to Mustang Aeronautics.

LA-1 Midget Mustang 1948 = 1pClwM; 125hp Franklin; span: 18'5" length: 16'0". All-metal construction. POP: 2 or 3; unknown quantity of home-builder kits. Design bought, but never produced, by Piper Aircraft.

  Long Midget Mustang Mammy [N9N] (K O Eckland coll)

Midget Mustang 1947 = 1pClwM; 85hp Continental C-85. Midget racer Mammy (p: Luther Johnson) [N9N]; all-metal prototype modified in 1948 as Long-Johnson Special. Sold to Pitts Aero Service 1951; repowered with 100hp Continental.

  Midget Mustang [N5111H] (WASM coll)

Midget Mustang aka Johnson Special 1948 = 1pClwM; 85hp Continental C-85; span: 18'5" length: 16'0". Midget racer P-Shooter (p: Luther Johnson) [NX5111H]. Reregistered [N6V] in 1951.

Mustang M-I, M-II SEE Bushby and Mustang.

Long-Buswell, Long-Ralston

Leslie Long & "Swede" Ralston, Cornelius OR.

  Long-Ralston Wimpy open cockpit [15516]
  Long-Buswell Wimpy closed cockpit [15516] (Ralph Nortell)

Wimpy (aka Long-Ralston LW) 1937 = 1pOlwM; 27hp Aeronca (later 40hp Continental A-40); span: 31'6" length: 21'0" v: 80/75/40. POP: 1 [15516], plus an unrecorded number of home-builder kits and modifications. Modified to ClwM with new tail and cowling as Long-Buswell in 1940 by purchaser Myron Buswell. SEE Bogardus Gee Bee.

Long-Johnson SEE Long Midget Mustang


D Lev Longmire, Albuquerque NM.

Model A 1961 = 1pOlwM; 75hp Continental C-75; span: 26'0". [N1161T].

Shady Lady c. 1972 = 1pCmwM; 65hp Continental A-65; 18'0" length: 14'0". All-wood construction with Ceconite cover. [N1201].

Longren, Alexander-Longren

1911: (Albin K) Longren. 1920: Longren Aircraft Co, Cessna Airport, Topeka KS. 1924: Filed bankruptcy, sold rights and equipment to Alexander Film Co. 1939: Longren Aircraft Co, Torrance CA. 1945: A K Longren left the company. (c.1953: Certain rights and equipment either to or from Acme Aircraft Co, Torrance; data are sketchy.) 1959: Assets liquidated.

NOTE: Early Longren documentation was quite loose, with models and dates unlabeled until 1916, so there may well be redundancy in idenfication of photos herein. It is known that there were five planes built leading up to model G, but many were captioned simply as "third ship" or "built between 1910 and 1920," so there is lots of work ahead to getting pictures lined up in proper order.

  1912 Longren (Kansas Historical Society)

1912 = 1pOB; Curtiss-type pusher with an 8-cyl Hall-Scott. (Appears to be 'Topeka I' below.)

  1914 Longren (Kansas Historical Society)

1914 = 1pOB. Third design was an open-framework fuselage tractor, also notable for its novel three-blade prop.

1916 = 1pOB; 80hp LeRhône rotary. Laminated-wood fuselage; underslung lower wing. POP: 1, built for Oklahoma car dealer William Burt.

  Longren AK (1922 Aircraft Year Book)
  Longren AK Folded on truck (clip: unknown magazine)

AK, Fibre Sport Plane (aka New Longren Sport, Commercial) 1921 = 1-2pOB; 60hp Lawrance L-4 (also 60hp Anzani); span: 27'11" length: 19'7" v: 87; ff: 8/7 (?>9)/21 (p: Art Smith). Folding wings with a bridge-girder truss system. Rolled-plywood, molded fiber laminate fuselage for Navy evaluation. POP: 5 [3223, 824H, et al], of which 4 went to Alexander Aircraft Co; 3 to USN [A6745/6747] for testing. Some sources claim a total of 21.

D-2 - 1920 interim designation of prototype AK.

  Longren G (Natl Archives via Peter Bowers)

G 1916 = 2pOB; 90hp Curtiss OX-5. Modeled after Curtiss JN-4; POP: 5 to 10.

H, H-2 1916 = 2pOB. Rebuilt as H-2 as the first production aircraft of Longren Co in 1920.

LH, LAK c.1920 = No data.

NL-13 1932 = 2pOB; 120hp Martin 333; span: 28'0" length: 22'0". All metal except for wing spars and wing covering. Steerable tail wheel mounted to the rudder post; side-by-side cockpit. POP: 1 [X12538]. Credited to A K Longren in CAA records, but built by Butler Mfg Co (Kansas City MO), where Longren was a design consultant, likely with an eye toward a military contract.

  Longren Topeka I (postcard)
  Longren Topeka I and II (magazine clip)

Topeka I, II 1911 = 1pOB; 60hp Hall-Scott V-8 pusher. Modeled after the Curtiss Pusher; ff: 9/2/11, as the first plane built and flown in Kansas. Rechristened Dixie Flyer. POP: 1 each; Topeka II built in 1912, renamed Shooting Star.


Longren Aircraft Co, Torrance CA.

  Longren (Acme) Centaur [N4901V] (Eddie Coates coll)

Centaur c.1953 = 4-6pChwM rebuilt from Convair L-13; 300hp Lycoming R-680; span: 40'5" length: 31'9" load: 1250# v: 121/100/46 range: 850. POP: Only a few. SEE Acme Centaur.

Loomis SEE Taylor

Loomis & Andermat SEE Andermat


William E Looney, Detroit MI.

Welco 1937 = 1pCB; 80hp Plymouth auto engine. [N19899].


George H Loose Co, Redwood City CA.

Biplane 1911 = 1pOB; 25hp "local make" pusher. Deliberately crashed in an exhibition flight to avoid running into an encroaching crowd and rendered unsalvageable.

Monoplane 1909 = 1pOhwM; 20-30hp Detroit Aero; span: 31'8" (later 26'0") length: 20'6". Design modified from French Demoiselle, with a fuselage built of triangular forms.

Monoplane 1910 = 1pOmwM. Twin tractor propellers designed to blow under arched, birdlike wings. No flight data.


Chester Loose, Davenport IA.

1930 = 1pOM; 60hp LeBlond 5D. [NX10545].

1933 = 1pOmwM; Loose-modified Lambert with Harley-Davidson cylinders. POP: 1, [NR10545] transferred from 1932 Special. First of the Loose bulge-cowl racers was scratched from the 1933 International Races because of pilot Bill Reedholm's lack of racing experience.

  Loose Racer [R13686] (Frank Rezich coll)

Racer 1935 = 1pCmwM; 90hp Lambert. Bulb-nosed Nationals racer [NR13686] c/n 2 (p: George Dickson). Modified for 1937 competitions with wheel pants and new tail section, rebuilt as 1947 Loose-Siem Special.

Special 1932 = 1pOmwM; 40hp Lambert H-106. Modified from Mono Midget for the 1932 Nationals [NR10545] (p: Harold Neumann); took second place in its class event.

  Loose-Siem Special [NX64573]* (WASM coll)

-Siem Special, aka Townsend Special 1947 = 1pCmwM; 85hp Continental C-85. Goodyear-class racer [NX64573] (p: Harold Neumann, Warren Siem), rebuilt and reregistered from 1935 Loose Racer (above). Competed in 1948 as Townsend A-1 Special (K R Townsend of Tulsa OK), reportedly modified as 2p with 245hp Jacobs [N794T]. * This photo might be misidentified by WASM or the reg number is erroneous.


Curt and Jim LoPresti, sons of LeRoy LoPresti.

Sharkfire 1985 = 2pClwM rg; 160hp Lycoming O-320; span: 24'0" length: 26'6" load: 624# v: 250/236/x. [N257LB].


LeRoy P LoPresti. LoPresti-Piper Aircraft Engr Co, Vero Beach FL.

LP-1 Swiftfury 1989 = 2pClwM rg; 200hp Lycoming IO-360; span: 29'2" load: 850# v: 217/200/57 range: 1000; ff: 2/27/89. [N207LP].

Swiftfire 1988 = 2pClwM rg; 420shp Allison 250; v: 345; ff: 7/19/88. Modified Globe Swift. [N345LP].


Edward Loudenclos, San Francisco CA.

1912 = Aero 3/16/12 reported that two planes "would be ready with the next two weeks"—one a two-propeller headless biplane having "original feaures" along with a Wright fuselage and tail, and a Curtiss-type landing gear. 36' wings had 5'x18" Farman design ailerons, length overall was 20'0", and power from a 3-cylinder 30hp Smalley aero engine driving two 8' props. The second machine was a monoplane with Nieuport wings and Blériot chassis, a three-in-one control, "a few original features which are yet to be worked out before the craft is ready for flight," and a 50hp "original motor" from Auto Machine Co (Pasadena Ca). No follow-ups in later issues of Aero leaves us wondering if any of those original features did the job.


SEE ALSO Lockheed

1911: Alco (Alco Cab Co, principal investor) Hydroaeroplane Co, San Francisco CA. 1916: (Allan and Malcolm) Loughead Aircraft Mfg Co, Santa Barbara CA. 1919: Reorganization; ads explained name as pronounced "Lock-heed" (original Scottish pronunciation). 1921: Suspended operations. Third brother, Victor, authored definitive "Vehicles of the Air" in 1909 with name spelled Lougheed.

  Loughead F-1 (clip: 1919 Flying)
F-1, F-1A 1918 = 10pOswBFb; two 160hp Hall-Scott A-5; span: (upper) 74'0" (lower) 47'0" length: 35'0" load: 3100#. John Northrop. Triple tails. Converted to landplane as F-1A, then back to seaplane. Used extensively for sightseeing and charters, the plane was eventually abandoned on Santa Barbara beach, and fell victim to vandals. Evaluated by USN at North Island NAS, but Curtiss HS-2L won the nod; however, Loughead Co received a war contract to build two Curtiss-designed seaplanes.

  Loughead G

G 1913 = 3pOBFb; 80hp Curtiss V-8 tractor; span: 46'0" length: 30'0" v: 63/51/x range: 60; ff: 6/15/13 (p: Allan Loughead). Allan Loughead. First Lockheed product, built in a former auto garage at Pacific Ave and Polk St in San Francisco, with the designation "G" used to give the impression they had been in the business for a while. Original motor was 6-cylinder Kirkham, replaced after 15 minutes of flight time. Flew ten-minute rides for some 600 passengers, two at a time, at the Panama-Pacific Exposition in 1915, netting the brothers $4,000 for 50 days' work. Plane was sent by rail to Santa Barbara in 1916 for charter and sightseeing use until 1918, when it was scrapped.

  Loughead HS-2L (Lockheed)

HS-2L 1917 = Contract-built Curtiss flying boat. POP: 2.

  Loughead S-1 Sport

S-1 Sport Biplane 1919 = 1pOB; 25hp Loughead XL-1 (Stadlman); span: 28'0" length: 20'0" load: 225# v: 70/60/25. Allan Loughead, John Northrop. Test-flown at Redwood City CA (p: Gilbert Budwig). Folding wings; monocoque fuselage of glued plywood formed in concrete molds; lower wing pivoted as a landing flap. Projected design as a 2p "everyman's plane" never succeeded because of the abundance of cheap war-surplus craft.


A D Loveland, Milwaukee WI.

Experimental 1929 = OB; 90hp Curtiss OX-5. No specs found, but described to CAA as having "Canuck fuselage, tail, and landing gear, but wings are special." Crashed at Hartland WI on 5/30/32, reg cancelled 1/3/33. [22N] c/n 51.

Loving, Loving-Wayne

Neal Loving, Wayne University, Detroit MI.

WR-1 Love aka Special 1950 = 1pClwM; 85hp Continental C-85-8FJ; span: 20'0" length: 17'2" (?>17'6") load: 208#` v: 215/142/58 (attained 266 mph in a diving run) range: 450 ceiling: 18,000'; ff: 8/7/50. POP: 1 all-wood, inverted gull-wing midget racer [N351C] Love, built and flown by Loving, who had lost both feet in a glider crash 1944. Plane was donated to EAA 1964. Plans also were sold as a home-builder project. SEE ALSO Fellabaum.

WR-2 1960 = 2pChwM; 85hp continental C-85 pusher; span: 24'9" length: 20'0" load: 460# v (est): 115/100/50. "Almost an amphibian" with its hull-like fuselage, Loving had plans to extend of his EAA Competition design in this direction. Trailable by automobile, it had with folding wings, staggered side-by-side seats. Flight record unknown. POP: 1 [N112Y].

LTV SEE Ling-Temco-Vought


1922: Ludington Exhibition Co (fdrs: Charles Townsend Ludington & Wallace Kellett), Pine Valley NJ. 1926: Ludington Philadelphia Flying Service, Philadelphia PA.

Ludington Exhibition Co was formed as agents for the sale of French Farman Sports in the USA. In early 1923 they imported their first two Farmans and hired Robert Hewitt to fly them at demonstrations and racing events in 1923-24. However, the selling price was a hefty $4,850 and, while war-surplus ships were well aged by that time, Standards and Jennys were much lower in price than the Farman. The company became Ludington Philadelphia Flying Service and, in 1929, Ludington Line airline before its sale to Eastern Air Transport.

  Farman Sport aka Ludington Sport  NASM restoration [C/NC72] (Will Connelly)

1925 = Racer. 1pOB; 90hp Curtiss OX-5. Roy Miller. POP: 1 [R162N]. The company was more a supplier and distributor than a builder—although 2p Farman sportplanes were often referred to by purchasers as Ludington Sports—and these three Miller designs are the only aircraft known to be actually built by Ludington.

Chamberlin Biplane 1927 = 2pOB; 70hp Siemens; span: 25'0". Take-off run: 60', landing roll: 75'.

Miller Lizette 1926 = 2pOhwM; 35hp Anzani; span: 27'0" v: 92/x/42. Roy Miller, Dayton T Brown. Parasol wing experiment in low-power lightplane design; dural monocoque fuselage. Side-by-side cockpit.


(C Townsend) Ludington-(Roger) Griswold Aircraft Co, CT.

1944 = 2pChwM; 125hp Menasco C-4. Fairchild 22 with experimental wing comprised of a series of flaps, and with wingtip fins. Complicated arrangement proved to be unrewarding, and the plane was sold [NX14768].

1944 = 4pO/CmwMAm; unknown 3-bladed pusher. Henry Struck. Pilot in open cockpit, three passenger seats in the enclosed hull. POP: 1 three-quarter-size test model, flown only once, by Griswold, after a marginal taxi test by author Wolfgang Langeweische [NX60333]. Donated to an auto museum, where it rotted in storage.


Israel Ludlow, Jamestown OH or Norfolk VA.

  1905 Ludlow (Leo J Opdyke / Skyways)

1905 = Boxkite-type creation with a motor "weighing 75 pounds" and four 8'0" props mounted in pairs. Flight history, if any, is unknown.

1907 = Undescribed entrant in Flying Machine events at 1907 Intl Aeronautic Tournament at St Louis MO (10/21-24/07).

1908 = Unknown type with a 22hp Whitehead (Weisskopf) motor, but described as having "six surfaces measuring 22' across." (Data: Nick D'Alto in Skyways #145.)

Multiplane c.1912 = Little is known about this creation by Israel with the help of Army soldiers except that it was built from miscellaneous scrap material, including parts of an old boiler. Four V-shaped wings mounted on a frame, and floats attached. It was demonstrated, minus engine, during an exposition, towed by a motorboat, but was badly damaged in the process and never completed.


Earl Lundgren.

1911 = 1pOmwM.


Brian Lundy & Steve Kotula, Salt Lake City/Midwale UT.

Graflite 1987 = 2pClwM rg; 150hp Lycoming O-320; span: 25'2" (?>:24'3") length: 23'6" (?>:20'8") load: 615# v: x/178/58; ff: 7/11/87. Side-by-side cockpit, all carbon-fiber laminate construction. POP: 1 [N870GF].

Luscombe, Luscombe Silvaire


Luscombe Aircraft (pres: John Daniel), Altus OK.

  Luscombe 11E [N747BM] (Luscombe Aircraft)

11E Spartan 2000 (ATC 804 (amended)) = 4pChwM; 185hp Continental IO-360-ES; span: 38'6" length: 23'9" load: 930# v: 130/115/x range: 530. Luscombe in name only, not affiliated with Don Luscombe Aviation History Foundation, and far afield in design from the familiar 11A Silvaire. Tricycle gear, modified fuselage, and other changes to modernize the basic design. $155,900 base; POP: 2 [N111XE, N747BM]. A higher-powered variant with a 210hp IO-360-25 was projected.


Otto Luyties, no location.

1907 = OH; 20hp air-cooled engine; rotors: 35'0". Empty wt: 1000#. Two coaxial rotors of fabric-covered tubes. In tests the rotor failed to lift the apparatus' weight.


1915: L-W-F Co (Robert G Fowler, Edward Lowe Jr, Charles Willard), Long Island NY, then College Point NY. 1916: Reorganized, after principals had left, by NYC investment company as L-W-F Engineering Co Inc. 1917: Subcontractor for Curtiss HS-2L, Martin NSB-1, and Douglas DT-2. 1919: Into receivership. 1924: Assets liquidated in bankruptcy. Company initials were those of the founders and not, as often thought, from "Linen, Wood, and Fabric" or "Laminated Wood Fuselage."

  Butterfly (Phyllis Cato Ferguson via Dr Ralph Cooper)

Butterfly aka Cato Butterfly 1920 = 1pOhwM; 60hp 2-cylinder LWF-Cato; span: 29'0" length: 19'0" (?>20'10") load: 383# v: 72/x/22 range c.330. Joseph Cato. $2,500. Diminutive, shoulder-wing lightplane with monocoque fuselage, modestly touted as "the smallest practical airplane in the world," was destroyed in a test flight crash on 3/31/20, killing pilot Jack Foote. Further lightplane development was shelved.

  L-W-F SDW-1 [A6597] (USN)

DT-2, SDW-1 1922 = Douglas DT-2 with similar specs, built under government contract. POP: 20 as DT-2 [A6583/6602], of which 3 [A6593/6596] were later modified as 3p Wright SDW-1 with enlarged fuselage and added fuel tanks.

F 1917 = Special model of V-2 to test 8-cyl Liberty; ff: 6/16/17. POP: 1.

  L-W-F G (Drina Welch Abel coll)

G 1918 = 2pOB; 435hp Liberty 12; span: 41'8" length: 29'1" load: 1046# v: 134/90/50 range: 550 ceiling: 24,000'; ff: 1/16/18 (p: Harold Blakeley). Arch Black, Joseph Cato. Distinguished by its outboard diagonal wing struts. POP: 1, perhaps more.

G-1 1918 = For military evaluation, with two forward-firing, synchronized .30 machineguns buried in the nose; wing racks for four 120# Barlow GP bombs. POP: 1, crashed fatally on its maiden flight; rebuilt as G-2. A reported Army contract for 600 planes was cancelled by the Armistice.

  L-W-F G-2 and rear gunner (Drina Welch Abel coll)

G-2 1918 = G-1 rebuilt as troop-strafer with downward-aimed guns, also crashed fatally, 11/18/18.

  L-W-F G-3 (Drina Welch Abel coll)

G-3 1919? = Built for a NYC-Toronto air race. Specifics unknown.

HS-2L 1917 = Contract-built Curtiss flying boat. POP: 301.

  L-W-F Owl (Drina Welch Abel coll)

H, Owl 1920 = 1pOB; three 400hp Liberty 12; span: 105'0" (?>106'8") length: 53'10" load: 7600# v: 110/x/57 range: 1100. Raoul Hoffman; ff: 5/22/20 (p: Ernest Harmon). Tubelike twin booms with nacelle fuselage, high-lift wings, triple fins and biplane stabilizers; six-wheel gear later converted to four. Full-load take-off distance was only 400'. Originally planned as a transport aircraft or long-range night mail plane (hence the Owl name), but only interest came from the Air Service. POP: 1 [AS64012].

J-2 (aka Twin DH) 1919 = 1pOB; two 200 Hall-Scott-Liberty 6; span: 52'6" length: 28'2" load: 1820 v: 105/x/53 range: 400. Twin-engine long-wing modification of de Havilland DH-4 used as a mail carrier (650# mail) with engines between the wings. POP: 20.

  L-W-F MO-1 [A-6663] (Drina Welch Abel coll)

MO 19?? = POP: 1 as MO-1 [A6663]; order for 25 cancelled, but assigned BuNos [A6664/6688].

NBS-1 1921 = Contract-built Martin NBS-1 bomber with similar specs. POP: 35 [AS68437/68471]. Also contract-built by Aeromarine and Curtiss.

NBS-2 - Smaller, 3p two-motor night bomber version of Model H Owl as XNBS-2 (span: 90'0" length: 46'0"). Project cancelled; 2 ordered but none was built.

L-W-F Reconnaissance (Aero Digest)

Reconnaissance 1917 = Production model evolving from Model F. 2pOB; 125hp Hall-Scott and others; span: 42'0" length: 34'9" v: 93. POP: 112.


  L-W-F XT-3 [23-1220] (Drina Welch Abel coll)

T-3 1923 = 8pC-OB; 400hp Liberty 12A; span: 52'0" length: 42'0". Used for engine testing. POP: 1 as XT-3 [AS23-1220]; 9 cancelled.

Twin DH SEE J-2.

  L-W-F V
  L-W-F V Sturtevant, on floats at Grand Central Palace Aero Exposition, NYC 2/8/17 (Drina Welch Abel coll)

V-1, -2, -3 1916 = Army observation and trainer. 2pOB; 140hp Sturtevant V-8 (V-1), 165hp Hall-Scott (V-2), and 200hp Sturtevant (V-3); also later versions had 400hp Liberty 12 motors as they became available in late 1917. Charles Willard. Monocoque fuselage was covered with three-ply laminated wood and cloth. POP total Vs: 135 [AS112/113, AS446/467, AS705, AS12883/12894(?), AS2268/2304, AS2509/2518, AS12883/12894, AS39920/39950], plus 1 for Post Office evaluation.

Initial machines used a 135-hp Thomas V-8. Coincidentally, Charles Willard, who designed the LWF's wood monocoque fuselage, had previously worked at Aeromarine. After the war, representatives of the Czechoslovak Legions came to the USA to procure aircraft for their troops, who were hoping to keep the White Russian forces from being overrun by Red revolutionaries. When the aircraft arrived, they were not the modern types ordered, but 28 well-worn LWF Model Vs. With nothing better to hand, the Czechs made good use of the aging aircraft as they retreated acoss Siberia. They left from Vladivostok in 1920 and returned home. One of their trusty LWFs hangs from the ceiling of the National Technical Museum in Prague to this day. (— Bill Devins 2/4/01)

"To most people the sky's the limit. To those who fly it's merely the beginning." — K O Eckland, Footprints On Clouds, 1976


Forex Romania